Diuji

4:30 AM أمانينا 0 Comments

Tahun ini, ramai sangat akhawat yang teruji dengan exam akademik masing2. Yang teruji dengan repeat paper, lepas itu teruji lagi dengan result dur, sama ada dapat naik tahun atau kena repeat year pula. Bertimpa-timpa ujian mendatang. Nak repeat year, bagi pelajar private, kena bayar pula sekian ratus USD untuk satu paper. Di Tanta, sudah ada ura2 ramai adik2 first year yang terpaksa carry semua subjek, untuk BFG. Balik ke Malaysia.

Tidak kurang juga mereka yang diuji dengan perlunya untuk pindah ke rumah baru, kekangan wang ringgit untuk menampung kos pindah, membayar takmin dan upah simsar(broker) yg sama harga dengan harga sewa. Baru sahaja tahun lepas proses pindah beramai2 berjalan, tahun ni sudah ada yg kena pindah lagi. Ada yg saban tahun pindah rumah baru, macam2 RI sudah dirasa.

Mereka sedang diuji.

Lalu kita, adakah kita menjadi paha kiri, yg bila si paha kanan dicubit, kita merasa sakitnya yang sama?

Mereka sedang diuji.

Sila jangan selesa dengan kerusi pusing2 anda. Bercacing kepanasanlah, bila kita rasa kita sedang bersenang2.

Pakai kaca mata iman anda.
Kita sedang diuji juga sebenarnya. Diuji dengan tiada masalah, dan menghadapi orang2 yg sedang mempunyai masalah. Apa tindakan kita?

Adakah kita sama2 rasa, "Akulah yg kene repeat tu!" Kita sama2 rasa tak, "Oh akulah yang takde rumah sekarang ni!"
Rasa nak tolong cari rumah sama2, rasa nak hulur semua duit yang ada, rasa nak bawak dan bagi segala nota exam dan buku yang kita ada!

......


Ke tak rasa?





Ukhuwwah tu, bukan sekadar berpegang tangan di taman berlari2 anak bkejaran. Bersama2 berlibur di Maadi menikmati Triple Cheese Cake buatan Beano's yg amat sedap tu.

Puncak tertinggi ukhuwah itu, itsar, yg cirinya sangat tinggi nak dicapai.
Sampai sanggup mengorbankan nyawa.
(kita ini, baru nampak anjing jalanan, dh tolak member kat depan bagi member jalan dulu. ;) )


Sudah lama sangat kita hanya duduk di kerusi malas, memerhati, dan mendoakan dari jauh.
Mungkin dah tiba masanya untuk kita turunkan padang dan berpijak di debu yang realitinya menyesakkan hidung!


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Diri sendiri

5:02 AM أمانينا 0 Comments

Mengenali diri sendiri,
adalah satu perkara yang unik dan rumit.

Memahami diri sendiri,
Mempersoalkan tindakan diri,
Memerhati gerak balas emosi,

'Mengapa aku begini dan begitu?'
'Kenapa aku tidak begini dan begitu?'
'Bagaimanakah aku ketika ini dan itu?'
'Apakah sepatutnya reaksi aku pada ketika ini dan itu,?'

Menjadi pelaku dan pemerhati.
Menjadi pesalah dan penghukum.
Menjadi si kalut dan sang sempurna.
Menjadi si pesimis dan si optimis.

Kita ini bahkan sangat jahil tentang diri kita,
walaupun kita ini yang sedang hidup,
sebagai seorang 'diri kita',
Melainkan Allah sahajalah,
yang Maha Mengetahui  tentang kita,
pada perkara yang kita sedar mahupun kita tak sedar,

Dari gerak kinetik sehelai bulu roma,
hingga ke mimpi bulan purnama,
Dari getar rasa hati
hingga ke angan bahagia,
Dari senyum simpul
hingga ke tawa besar,
Dari fikiran pertama mata terbuka,
hingga fikiran terakhir mata terpejam,
Dari gerak jari pada touch screen,
hingga tujahan jari pada keyboard,
Dari bersangka sendiri dalam hati,
hingga bentak emosi dalam aksi bisu.

Terhadnya diri, namun masih mahu mengingkar Ilahi.
Sesal menjengah, dan ingkar lagi.
Taubat, dan ingkar semula.
Berkitar-kitar.
Mengulang roda yang sama.

Takut pula, kalau diri ini mati pada roda ingkar,
Jadi bahan bakar neraka kah akhirnya?

:-(






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Dalam kenangan

1:03 PM أمانينا 0 Comments

Bila baca semula post2 lama..

"Ya Allah, apsal hyper sangat minah ni??"

(yadullu 'alayya.. Ditujukan kepada aku)

Dulu lain, sekarang lain.
Dulu bujang, sekarang dh kawen. (merujuk kpd fathy dan Huda, bila baca post ttg kelas Quran bersama2 dahulu)
Dulu keanakan, sekarang dah dewasa.

Rindu yg dulu, tapi bersyukur dengan yg sekarang.

Hidup kena diteruskan. :)

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Hadaf surgery

12:44 AM أمانينا 0 Comments


1- Overall Aim of the Course:

  • To provide the student with the knowledge, and skills which enable him/her to identify, analyze, manage and/or refer clinical surgical problems in order to provide efficient, cost effective and humane patient care.
  • To provide the student with an appropriate background covering the common and/ or important surgical emergencies.
  • To enable the student to detect cancer at an early stage.
  • To enable the development and application of appropriate professional attitudes, ethical principles and communication skills.

2- Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOs):

a- Knowledge and understanding.
On successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:
1.    Recognize basics of surgical ethics. (a.14)
2.    Describe the anatomy of surgically important structures, organs and regions. (a.1)
3.    Describe the histology of surgically important tissues. (a.1)
4.    Describe the physiology of surgically important organs and systems. (a.1, 2)
5.    Describe the principles of molecular biology and wound healing. (a.2)
6.    Describe the microbiology and parazitology of surgically important pathogens and their treatment. (a.6, 7)
7.    Describe the first aid and definitive management of surgical emergencies. (a.7)
8.    Describe the principles of surgical nutrition. (a.7)
9.    Describe the principles of organ transplantation. (a.7)
10. Describe the epidemiology, etiology, pathophysiology, pathology, complications and prognosis of the various common and important surgical diseases and disorders. (a.5, 6)
11. Describe the clinical picture, investigations and differential diagnosis of the various common and important surgical diseases and disorders. (c.6)
12. Identify the principles of early detection of cancer. (a.10)
13. Describe the prophylaxis and treatment of the various common and important surgical diseases and disorders. (a.7)
14. Describe the pharmacological basis of surgically important medications. (a.7)
15. Describe prevention of HCV and HIV transmission, sterilization of metal and non-metal instruments, handling and preservation of specimens, and management of disposables. (a.15)
16. Describe the procedures and minimally-invasive techniques used in the treatment of surgical diseases. (a.7)
17. Describe the principles of operative intervention including indications for intervention, preoperative preparation, and principles of general and local anesthesia, principles of the operations, and postoperative care and complications. (a.7)
18. Describe palliative care for untreatable surgical conditions. (a.7)
19. Describe the theoretical basis of evidence based medicine (EBM). (a.8)
20.     Define principles of clinical audit. (a.16)
21.     Describe the principles of clinical trials and statistics. (a.5)
 Professional skills (b, c, d, and e).
b. Practical and Clinical Skills
On successful completion of the course, the student should be able to:
22.       Provide first aid measures for injured and critically-ill patients. (b.7)
23.     Perform an emergency-directed examination for patients with common surgical emergencies. (b.3)
24.     Compose an initial plan of management for stabilization of injured and critically-ill patients. (b.6)
25.     Take and record a structured patient-centered history in acute and chronic conditions. (b.2)
26.                     Perform full physical examination appropriate to age and gender in acute and chronic clinical conditions. (b.3)
27.     Construct appropriate management plan for patients with common and important surgical diseases. (b.5)
28.       Write safe prescriptions of different types of drugs. (b.9)
29.     Order appropriate investigations. (b.5)
Procedures and technical skills acquired during undergraduate training:
By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the model-based skills (using manikin and simulators) required to:
30.   Perform venepuncture and collect blood samples. (b.11)
31.   Insert a cannula into peripheral veins. (b.12)
32.   Practice enteral, parenteral, inhalational and topical methods for drug administration. (b.13)
33.   Perform suturing of superficial wounds. (b.14)
34.   Demonstrate competency in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and basic life-support. (b.15)
35.   Administer basic oxygen therapy. (b.19)
36.   Insert a nasogastric tube. (b.20)
37.   Perform bladder catheterization. (b.21)
38.   Perform and interpret basic bedside laboratory tests. (b.23)
39.   Adopt suitable measures for safety and infection control. (b.25)
c. Professional Attitude and Behavioral Skills
By the end of the program, the graduates will acquire the skills required to:
40.                    Adopt an empathic and holistic approach to patients and their problems, taking into consideration beliefs values, goals and concerns. (c.1)
41.                    Respect the patient's right to know and share in decision making as well as dignity, privacy, information confidentiality and autonomy. (c.2)
42.    Understand and respect the different cultural beliefs and values regardless of their disabilities in the community they serve. (c.3)
43.    Recognize the important role played by other health care professions in patients' management, respecting their contributions in patient's management regardless of degree or occupation. (c.4)
44.  Apply the national code of ethics issued by the Egyptian Medical Syndicate.(c.5)
45.     Respect and follow the institutional code of conduct. (c.6)
46.                    Counsel patients suffering from different conditions as well as their families. (c.7)
47.    Recognize one’s own limitations of knowledge and skills referring patients to appropriate health facility at the appropriate stage. (c.8)
d. Communication Skills:
By the end of the program, the graduate will be able to:
48. Communicate clearly, sensitively and effectively with patients and their relatives and colleagues from a variety of health and social care professions. (d.1)
49. Communicate effectively with individuals regardless of their social, cultural, ethnic backgrounds, or their disabilities. (d.2)
50. Cope with situations where communication is difficult including breaking bad news. (d.3)
51. Show compassion to patients and their relatives in situations of stress and grief. (d.4)
52. Honor and respect patients and their relatives, superiors, colleagues and any other member of the health profession. (d.5)
e. Intellectual Skills
By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the skills required to:
53.     Recognize patients with life/organ-threatening surgical conditions and perform appropriate initial therapy. (e.2)
54. Determine the different strategies for risk management of disease and injury. (e.6)
55. Identify surgically important structures and organs. (e.1)
56. Identify surgical pathology specimens. (e.1)
57. Integrate basic anatomical, physiological and pathological facts with clinical data. (e.1)
58. Integrate the results obtained from history, clinical examination and investigational data into meaningful diagnostic formulation. (e.2)
59. Combine clinical and investigational data with evidence based knowledge and skill of deductive reasoning for clinical problem solving. (e.3)
60.     Identify problems, prioritize them, and generate a list of differential diagnosis for each problem. (e.4)
61.     Select the most appropriate and cost-effective diagnostic and therapeutic procedure for each problem. (e.5)
62.     Use the results of all the tests ordered to modify the problem list and the differential diagnosis accordingly. (e.5)
63.     Identify and outline management of patients with surgical emergencies and common surgical diseases requiring long-term follow-up, rehabilitation and pain relief. (e.5)
64.     Recognize and cope with uncertainty by accepting and reacting to uncertain situations through proper counseling, consultation and referral. (e.8)
f. General and Transferable Skills
By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the skills required to:
65.          Adopt the principles of lifelong learning needs of the medical profession. (f.1)
66.          Use computers efficiently in reaching biomedical information to remain current with advances in knowledge and practice. (f.2)
67.     Present information clearly in verbal, written, and electronic forms. (f.3)
68.     Communicate ideas and arguments effectively. (f.4)
69.     Work effectively within a multidisciplinary team. (f.5)
70.     Manage time and resources effectively and set priorities. (f.6)
71.     Apply simple statistical methods. (f.7)
72.     Apply English language as needed for appropriate learning and communication in relation to medicine. (f.8)

0 comments:

Hadaf Internal Med

12:34 AM أمانينا 0 Comments


B) Professional Information:

1.        Program Aims
The aim of the program is to provide the graduate with educational experience necessary for further training and practice in medicine through:
1.     A core body of scientific knowledge, skills and attitudes essential for the practice in medicine.
2.     Diagnostic, problem solving and decision-making skills necessary for proper evaluation and management of common diseases and emergencies.
3.     Awareness and participation the social and community aspects of health care.
4.     . Appropriate ethical and professional skills necessary for establishment of excellent communication with patients and colleagues.
5.      Lifelong learning competencies necessary for continuous professional development.
6.      Research methodology as related to medical practice.


2. Academic Standards
The Intended Learning Outcomes (ILO's) of the present program are developed to satisfy the National Academic Reference Standards (NARS) for Bachelor degree of medicine published by the National Authority for Quality Assurance and Accreditation of Education (NAQAAE) (January 2009).
3. Intended Learning Outcome

a.       Knowledge and Understanding
By the end of the program, the graduate will gain knowledge and understanding to be able to:
a.1
Describe the common medical problems presenting to doctors - in primary health care setting, hospital and community - their diagnosis, prevention and treatment. (a.6)      
a.2       
Classify  disease in terms of mental, functional and physical processes .(b.4)    
a.3

a.4       
Identify the developmental changes in humans and the effect of growth and aging on individuals and their family.(a.6,b4)
Describe  the clinical manifestations and differential diagnosis of common medical disorders with an emphasis on the incidence of the different manifestations and their relative importance in establishing diagnosis, and the early manifestations of serious diseases (e.g. malignancy, emergencies …etc) (a.7)           
a.5
Describe the theoretical basis of professional and practical skills.(a.8)
a.6
Describe the normal aging process in terms of physiologic and clinical manifestations and identify age related diseases and variable causes of disability in old age.(a.5)
a.7
Point out appropriate measures for prevention of diseases.(a.10)                   
a.8.   Describe the role of genetics in health and disease and the basic principles of gene therapy and genetic counselling. (a.9)

a.9. Describe the basics of ethics. (a.14)                 
a.10. Identify the determinants of health, principles of health      promotion,    disease prevention, early detection and control of common community health problems including disease surveillance and screening. (a.10)

b.        a.11. Recognize basics of health and patient’s safety during clinical practice.(a.15)
a.12. Define the principles of management and appropriate quality concepts and processes required for healthcare facilities. (a.11)

a.13 Define principles of clinical audit (a.16).


b. Practical and Clinical Skills                                      
By the end of the program, the graduate will be able to:
 b.1       Demonstrate basic sciences’ practical skills relevant to the future practice and acquire practical, clinical skills and competencies. (b.1)
b.2
Take and record a structured patient-centered history, appropriate depth and detail, relative to the clinical context.(b.2)
b.3
Perform full physical examination appropriate to age and gender in acute and chronic clinical conditions.(b.3)
b.4
Recognize urgent life-threatening conditions, and compose appropriate initial plan of management for stabilization of the critically ill patient.(a.1,b.5)
b.5
Safely perform routine diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, including life support.           
b.6
Construct appropriate management strategies both diagnostic and therapeutic for patients with common acute and chronic diseases.(b.5,b.6)
b.7
Compose an initial plan of management for stabilization of critically-ill patients.(b.6)
b.8
  Provide first aid measures for injured and critically-ill patient(b.5,b.6)                                          
b.9
   Work out drug dosage based on patient's criteria and health condition(b.8)
b.10      
     Write safe prescriptions of different types of drug .(b.9)                                                                      
b.11     Conduct community diagnosis for prioritization of community    health problems. (b.10)
b.12    Use appropriate sterile technique, Comply with and use universal precautions (b.25)     

 Procedures and technical skills acquired under appropriate supervision during undergraduate:

By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the model-based skills (using manikin and simulators) required to:

b.13 Perform venepuncture and collect blood samples. (b.11)
b.14 Insert a cannula into peripheral veins. (b.12)
b.15 Practice enteral, parenteral, inhalation and topical methods for drug administration (b.13)
b.16 Demonstrate competency in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and basic life-support.
b.17 Perform and interpret ECG. (b.16)
b.18 Perform and interpret basic respiratory function tests. (b.17)
b.19 Use a nebulizer for administration of inhalation therapy. (b.18)
b.20 Administer basic oxygen therapy. (b.19)
b.21 Insert a naso-gastric tube. (b.20)
b.22 Perform bladder catheterization. (b.21)
b.23 Perform and interpret basic bedside laboratory tests. (b.23)
b.24 Adopt suitable measures for safety and infection control. (b.25)

c. Professional Attitude and Behavioral Skills
By the end of the program, the graduates will acquire the skills required to

c.1 Adopt an empathic and holistic approach to the patient and their problems, taking into consideration beliefs values, goals and concerns. (c.1)
c.2 Respect the patient's right to know and share in decision making as well as dignity, privacy, information confidentiality and autonomy. (c.2)
c.3 Understand and respect the different cultural beliefs and values regardless of their disabilities in the community they serve. (c.3)
c.4 Recognize the important role played by other health care professions in patients' management, respecting their contributions in patient's management regardless of degree or occupation. (c.4)
 c.5 Apply the national code of ethics issued by the Egyptian Medical Syndicate. (c.5)
c.6   Respect and follow the institutional code of conduct. (c.6)
c.7 Counsel patients suffering from different conditions as well as their families. (c.7)
c.8   Recognize one’s own limitations of knowledge and skills referring patients to appropriate health facility at the appropriate stage. (c.8)


d. Communication Skills:
By the end of the program, the graduate will  be able to:
d.1 Communicate clearly, sensitively and effectively with patients and their relatives and colleagues from a variety of health and social care professions. (d.1)
d.2 Communicate effectively with individuals regardless of their social, cultural, ethnic backgrounds, or their disabilities. (d.2)
d.3 Cope with situations where communication is difficult including breaking bad news. (d.3)
d.4 Show compassion to patients and their relatives in situations of stress and grief. (d.4)
d.5 Honor and respect patients and their relatives, superiors, colleagues and any other member of the health profession. (d.5)
d.6 Use communication styles to bring about behavioral change. (d.6)


e. Intellectual Skills
By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the skills required to:

e 1.Analyze symptoms & signs and construct a differential diagnosis for common presenting complaints. (e.2)
e.2 Design an appropriate diagnostic plan for evaluation of common presenting complaints which is appropriate in terms of the differential diagnosis, the severity of the clinical situation and the risks, benefits and costs to the patient. (e.2.3)
e3. Accurately interpret the results of commonly used diagnostic procedures. (e.3)
e.4 Combine clinical and investigational data with evidence-based knowledge for clinical problem solving. (e.3)
e.5 Identify risk factors for disease processes and injury, and institute the appropriate diagnostic, preventive, and therapeutic interventions. e.6 Determine the different strategies for risk management of disease and injury. (e.3, 4)
e.7 Identify the indications and logistics of referring patients to higher levels of experience or specialization as a principle for the family doctor (GP). (e.8)
e.8   Construct treatment plan, incorporating his knowledge, best available evidence, and patient’s preferences in a cost effective manner. (e.3, 7)
e.9 Recognize and cope with uncertainty that is unavoidable in the practice of medicine by accepting and reacting to uncertain situations through proper counseling, consultation and referral. (e.8)


f. General and Transferable Skills
By the end of the program, the graduate will acquire the skills required to:

f.1 Adopt the principles of lifelong learning needs of the medical profession (continuous professional development; CPD). (f.1)
f.2 Use computers efficiently in reaching biomedical information to remain current with advances in knowledge and practice. (f.2)
f.3 Present information clearly in written, electronic and verbal forms (f.3)
f.4 Communicate ideas and arguments effectively. (f.4)
f.5 Work effectively within a multidisciplinary team. (f.5)
f.6 Manage time and resources effectively and set priorities. (f.6)
f.7 Apply simple statistical methods. (f.7)
f.8 Apply English language as needed for appropriate learning and communication in relation to medicine. (f.8)

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